Dental trauma is a common occurrence that can happen to anyone, regardless of age. It can happen due to various reasons, such as sports injuries, accidents, or even biting into something hard. Dental trauma can range from a mild chip to a complete tooth knock-out, and it can be painful and distressing. In this blog post, we will discuss the most common types of dental trauma and their causes. But don’t worry, if you have experienced any of these dental problems, the Curve Dental Clinic is here to help. Our experienced dentists can provide you with the right treatment and help you restore your smile. So, let’s dive into the most common types of dental trauma and learn more about them.
- Most common types of dental trauma
- What is the best thing to do when it happens
- How often do you have trauma patients?
- Usually what % of age groups have more trauma e.g. about 50% of patients I see are between the ages 2-5 ?
Most common types of dental trauma
Baby teeth most common dental traumas intrusive and lateral luxations
Adult teeth – crown fractures
What is the best thing to do when it happens
It is more urgent if it is adult teeth, after having permanent adult teeth trauma patient needs to see doctor ASAP, because sometimes time before treatment is very critical for further healing.
An avulsion of permanent tooth is most serious type of trauma and it is one of the few real emergency situations in dentistry, replantation must be done ASAP event out of the dental clinic. Instructions should be given on the phone (bellow):
- If a tooth is avulsed, make sure it is a permanent tooth (primary teeth should not be replanted)
- Keep the patient calm.
- Find the tooth and pick it up by the crown (the white part). Avoid touching the root.
- If the tooth is dirty, wash it briefly (max 10 seconds) under cold running water and reposition it. Try to encourage the patient/guardian to replant the tooth. Once the tooth is back in place, bite on a handkerchief to hold it in position.
- If this is not possible, or for other reasons when replantation of the avulsed tooth is not possible (e.g. an unconscious patient), place the tooth in a glass of milk or another suitable storage medium and bring with the patient to the emergency clinic. The tooth can also be transported in the mouth, keeping it inside the lip or cheek if the patient is conscious. If the patient is very young, he/she could swallow the tooth therefor it is advisable to get the patient to spit in a container and place the tooth in it. Avoid storage in water!
- If there is access at the place of accident to special storage or transport media (e.g.tissue culture/transport medium, Hanks balanced storage medium (HBSS or saline)such media can preferably be used.
- Seek emergency dental treatment immediately.
If child wounds had contact with soil or manure (example dental trauma happened in stables or etc.) Tetanus prophylaxis should be considered.
Intrusion of a primary incisor has the potential to cause the damage to the potential successor.
How often do you have trauma patients?
- Frequency of trauma in children:
- 30% suffer injury to primary dentition
- 22% injure their permanent teeth
- Peak incidence 2-4 years and then at 8-10 years
- Male: female ratio, 2:1
- Overjet 3-6 mm twice the frequency of trauma, > 6 mm – threefold increase
- Contacts sports are associated with dental trauma, children who have these actives should wear mouth guard.
Usually what % of age groups have more trauma e.g. about 50% of patients I see are between the ages 2-5 ?
Trauma in young children is extremely common with up to 30 % of children suffering injuries to their primary teeth the peak incidence is at 2-4 years of age when children toddlers and still learning gross motor skills. Falls and play accidents are the most common cause of injuries. Sometimes is child abuse. Dog bites account for significant number of injuries, and commonly, the animal is known to the child
In conclusion, dental trauma is a serious issue that can have a significant impact on your oral health and overall well-being. However, with the right treatment, you can restore your smile and maintain your dental health. If you have experienced any of the dental problems discussed in this post, don’t hesitate to contact the Curve Dental Clinic. Our experienced dentists can provide you with the right treatment and help you regain your smile. So, don’t wait any longer, call us at (+971) 4 388 6765 or WhatsApp us at (+971) 56 505 8799 to schedule an appointment today.